De Natura Avium; De Pastoribus et Ovibus; Bestiarium; Mirabilia Mundi; Philosophia Mundi; On the Soul (1277 or after), Unknown, Hugo of Fouilloy (French, about 1110 - about 1173/1174), and William of Conches (about 1080 - before 1154)

The J. Paul Getty Museum ,

Livello 4


A bestiary is a collection of stories about animals, birds, fish, plants, and even stones, whose properties were interpreted as reflections of the divine order of God. During the 1200s, curiosity about the natural world was so prevalent that the illustrated bestiary reached the height of its popularity. In addition to the main text of the bestiary, this manuscript contains five other studies of the natural world: treatises on birds, astronomy, the relation of the soul to the body, and a remarkable series of seven full-page miniatures illustrating the exotic peoples believed to inhabit the world.

In the introduction, the author states, 'What the mind of simple people would scarcely be able to capture with its mental eye, it can at least capture with its physical one.' The 'simple people' were beginning students at the monastery who could read Latin but for whom complex theological material was new and difficult. The lively and entertaining images found in this manuscript were intended to help readers remember the contents of the works.
Medium: Tempera colors, pen and ink, gold leaf, and gold paint on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with paneled calf
Dimensions: Leaf: 23.3 × 16.4 cm (9 3/16 × 6 7/16 in.)
Object Number: Ms. Ludwig XV 4 (83.MR.174)
Place Created: Thérouanne ?, France (formerly Flanders)
Inscription: Secondary Inscription: Inscribed front pastedown, in ink '19.2' over a pencil inscription 'C 6' (?); in red ink 'Arc 2 8'; in pencil 'arc / L40.2 / L.28' (Sion College shelfmark), 'Sion College', '(78)'. Inscribed front flyleaf, in pencil, 'Written. a. 1277 v. pag. ult.' Inscribed fol. iii, in ink, '19.2' and 'C. 6' (the latter effaced). Inscribed fol. iii verso, in black ink, 'Edmundus Lathumas'; sixteenth-century notes on manuscript; and inscribed in brown ink, 'De natura animalium'; 'H 37'; inscribed in pencil, 'Script. a. 1277. / v. pag. ult.' Inscribed fol. iv, in black ink, sixteenth-century notes on the manuscript; and in brown ink, 'John the soon of Roger Arundell of Trerise / bought this boocke of one Mr. Gold att / lambethe the 30th of Maye: 1608 / pryse XXs witnes William Valens and others. / Jo. arundell'. Inscribed fol. vi, in black ink, 'C 6'. Inscribed fol. vii verso, in black ink, 'London'. Inscribed fol. 72v in lower margin, in pencil, 'see f 105'. Inscribed fol. 105 in lower margin, in pencil, 'ff 105-112 should follow f 72'. Inscribed fol. 164v in lower margin, in pencil, 'ff 173-176 come here'. Inscribed fol. 165 in lower margin, in pencil, 'ff 165-172 should come after f 176'. Inscribed fol. 197, erased inscription: 'Ce livre est A moy Humfrey duc de Gloucestre Comte de Pembrocshire'. Erased inscription on fol. 197 according to Plotzek and von Euw, read under ultra-violet light.
Markings: Markings: Marked fols. iv verso, vi, vii verso, 111, and 197v with the library stamp of Sion College Library.
Attribution: Digital image courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program.


DISTRIBUTORE : The J. Paul Getty Museum
LICENZA : Images provided here are believed to be in the public domain and are available under the terms of the Getty's Open Content Program
ARGOMENTI : # in Letteratura / Letteratura: storia e critica / Letteratura, storia e critica: studi generali / Letteratura, storia e critica: letteratura antica, classica e medievale
TAG: tag: manuscript